The Themes of Muzium Masjid Sultan Abdullah 

Theme one is the understanding of Islam. The Pillars of Faith is the basis of Islamic faith built by all forms of worship, be they in words or deeds, nobility and/or goodness on the fundamental perfection of Islam. It covers absolute belief in Allah, His angels, His holy scriptures, His Messenger, His Prophets, Judgement Day and Qadha and Qadar (total acceptance of faith.). Islam is built on 5 tenets (the framework of the Muslim life), of which are; the testimony of faith, that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad SAW is his Apostle, prayer, giving zakat (support of the needy), fasting during the month of Ramadhan and the pilgrimage to Mecca at Baitullah Al-Haram if they are able to.

Theme two is the Islamic contributions to human civilization. After the passing of Prophet Muhammad SAW, his followers moved throughout the Arab Peninsula to the North, East and West. Within a short time, they succeeded in spreading Islam from Spain in the West to China in the East. The people of Islam through missionary work, military might and great sovereignty founded an empire that was the largest in the world. In the districts of Islam were intellects in administration, development, agriculture, industry, engineering, defense, science and mathematics, astronomy and navigation, medicine and other sciences other than Islamic studies, laws and their interpretations. Countless institutions of higher learning were scattered from Spain to Middle Asia, with comprehensive Islamic centers and laboratories. Ancient knowledge from past civilizations like Greece and Rome were reviewed, enhanced and recorded. Islam has produced many prominent scientists and top scholars, of whom are leaders in their fields of expertise respectively.

Theme three is the Asmaul Husna. Asmaul Husna refers to the glorious names of the almighty Allah. These names symbolize the attributes of Allah The Most Perfect (Kamal), The Most Beautiful (Jamal) and Most Exalted (Jalal). To know Allah through His Names and His Attributes will give rise to feelings of love, awe, to spread and acclaim Allah at all times anywhere.

Theme four deals with the similarities between the Al-Quran and the Bible. Religiousness in following the tenets in the Holy Book is one of the pillars of faith. From the similarities in the Al-Quran and the Bible, it clearly proves that Al-Quran is complete and is perfect in its execution containing all the contents of the other Holy Books like the Torah, Psalms and the Bible.

Theme five displays the history of Islam in Pahang and the local Islamic personages who upheld the greatness of Islam in Pahang.

Theme six is the architectural styles of the mosques in the Malay Dominion. The earliest mosques in the Malay Dominion had their own architectural uniqueness because they were influenced by several factors like the geographical topography, weather, building structure, materials and the technology itself. Besides these, historical factors, differing cultural backgrounds of the various districts, the environment as well as the local customs also contributed to the varied architectural structures of these mosques.

Theme seven is about the early mosques in Islam. In the Al-Quran, there are many surahs that touch on issues relevant to mosques. There are surahs that specifically mentioned Masjidil Haram and Al-Aqsa Mosque and there were also words pertaining to mosques in general. There are 46 mentions in the Al-Quran about mosques. Among the holiest shrines held by Muslims in deference are as follows: Masjidil Haram, An-Nabawi Mosque, Al-Aqsa Mosque and Quba’ Mosque.